MALI OVERTAKES BURKINA FASO IN COTTON PRODUCTION

Mali De-thrones Burkina Faso in cotton production

Within sub-Saharan Africa Mali is now the 1st grower of Cotton. This was established by U.S.A.I.D. in a recent study. 

Malian cotton field
Malian cotton field

With the cotton harvest season over, Mali is becoming the largest producer in sub-Saharan Africa, according to information relayed by the Malian Textile Development Company (CMDT), citing the US Department of Agriculture (USDA).  

The West African Nation of Mali is dethroning Burkina Faso, which was the leading producer the past years.

According to the USDA, the overall cotton harvest of Mali, Burkina Faso, Chad and Senegal reached 2.95 million tonnes in the 2017 crop year, registering a slight increase of 2.75% over the last season. This performance will be mainly driven by Mali and Burkina Faso, which account for 94% of total production, with a slight advantage for Mali, whose production has continued to grow in recent years.
  
According to the CMDT and the Permanent Assembly of the Chambers of Agriculture of Mali (APCAM), Mali this year has achieved a record production of nearly 706,000 tons of cotton seed, against a target of 725,000 tons.

With 1.330 million bales of lint cotton, or 90000 bales more than last year, Mali has regained its position as the leading producer in sub-Saharan Africa, taken by Burkina Faso in recent years.

According to observers, this performance is the culmination of the many reforms led by the Malian government to raise this sector.

In particular, the executive maintained its program of fertilizer subsidies and the purchase of farm tractors by producers. “The successful implementation of the presidential program of 1,000 government-subsidized tractors and the subsidies allocated for access to agricultural inputs have boosted all agricultural sectors in Mali in the last two years,” said Bakary Togola, president of APCAM.

It was during the 52nd Ordinary Session of the Consular Assembly of this organization. The Malian authorities have also raised the guaranteed price to producers at 250 F CFA ($ 0.46) per kg during the 2016-2017-2018 marketing years, compared to 237.5 F CFA (0.43dollar / kg) previously fixed.

CMDT Cotton Development board of Mali s management explained that the increase in production is also the result of the success of a restructuring mission of the cotton sector.

This resulted in the creation of the four subsidiaries, with the release of their needed capital, the participation of the producers, up to 20% in the capital of the subsidiaries for an amount of more than CFAF 10 billion, or about 18.2 million US dollars.

“Mali has come a long way, after the multi-dimensional crisis of 2012 that affected all sectors of the state. Thus, for the happiness of the peasants, the Malian State has allocated 15% of the national budget to rural development. This move was a wise investment, since agriculture employs more than 80% of Mali s population, “according to a statement of Nango Dembélé, Malian Minister of Agriculture, at a press briefing recently.

 

Low added value

The same problem like in other African Cotton growing States, for some technocrats and anti-globalists like Aminata Dramane Traore, is that Mali derives very little added value from this abundant production, because it still can not meet the challenge of transformation. “Malian cotton is known for its extreme quality.

And its conversion could have offered products of incomparable quality, “said Anadolu Mariétou Mariette Dicko, fashion designer with her trademark” Traditions and African Fashion “. To his credit, the promotion of bogolan (artisanal dyeing on cotton fabrics) in African and international fashion. “Unfortunately, the country is struggling to exploit this economic potential, which could make it one of the most advanced African countries in fashion and haute couture,” she said. “The men and women of the country who advocate for the development of textiles are not supported properly by the government.

This makes the profitability of the cotton sector dependent on world prices, “denounced the stylist. “Only 2% of Mali’s cotton production is processed locally,” said Ms. Awa Meité van Til at the eighth edition of the Daoulaba Festival which took place in May 2017 in Koulikoro, about fifty km from Bamako. “For these two campaigns (2016-2017 / 2017-2018) the CMDT has broken its production records.

With such a level of production, it is deplorable to note that less than 2% of this cotton is processed in Mali, “also recognized the CEO of the CMDT, Baba Berthé, at the press conference launching this 8th edition . “We want to move in the direction of industrial processing of our cotton.

This is where we will have added value and development, “he said. During the 2013 crop year alone, the CMDT paid the State CFA 13.01 billion (US $ 23,661,820.00) in taxes and about CFAF 1 billion (US $ 1,820,000) in dividends to the Treasury. public.

The CMDT contributes to food sovereignty with 25% of the national dry cereal production in its intervention zones. The cotton sector plays a leading role in Mali’s economy. Mali’s leading export product, “white gold” accounts for 15% of GDP, 30 to 45% of export earnings and occupies more than 3 million people in small farms. Not to mention its contribution to the development of livestock (livestock feed) and the empowerment of women with income-generating activities such as oil mills and artisanal soap factories.

Despite this socio-economic and political importance, the sector had experienced a downward trend in yields and run-off difficulties. To maintain this new course, experts like Bakary Togola, president of APCAM believe that strategies need to be further strengthened through initiatives to overcome the challenges related to.

With 1.330 million bales of cotton lint, or 90000 bales more than last year, Mali has regained its position as the leading producer in sub-Saharan Africa, taken by Burkina Faso in recent years.

Observers noted, the performance is the culmination of the many reforms led by the Malian government to raise this sector. In particular, the executive maintained its program of fertilizer subsidies and the purchase of farm tractors by producers.

The successful implementation of the presidential program of 1,000 government-subsidized tractors and the subsidies allocated for access to agricultural inputs have boosted all agricultural sectors in Mali in the last two years,” said Bakary Togola, president of APCAM. It was during the 52nd Ordinary Session of the Consular Assembly of this organization.

The Malian authorities have also raised the guaranteed producer price to 250 F CFA ($ 0.46) per kilogram during the 2016-2017-2018 marketing years, compared to 237.5 CFA francs (0.43dollar / kg) previously fixed.
 

According to a summary note from CMDT management, the increase in production is also the result of the success of a restructuring mission of the cotton sector.

This resulted, in particular, in the creation of the four subsidiaries, with the release of their respective capital, the participation of the producers, up to 20% in the capital of the subsidiaries for an amount of more than CFAF 10 billion, or about 18.2 million US dollars.

“Mali has come a long way, after the multi-dimensional crisis of 2012 that affected all sectors of the state. Thus, for the happiness of the peasants, the Malian State has allocated 15% of the national budget to rural development. A wise investment, since agriculture occupies more than 80% of the population, “said Nango Dembélé, the Malian Minister of Agriculture, at a press briefing on the results of the recent agricultural campaign.

“Malian cotton is known for its extreme quality. And its transformation could have offered products of incomparable quality, “said Anadolu Mariétou Mariette Dicko, fashion designer with her trademark” Traditions and African Fashion “.







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